Environmental Justice and Climate Change
What HRLN Does?Through its Environmental Justice Initiative, HRLN uses the judicial system to fight environmental degradation that primarily affects the lives and livelihood of the poor and vulnerable groups and to address the ensuing human rights violations. EJI firmly believes that the right to a clean environment is a basic human right for all, and that access to natural resources is the right of communities, such as tribals, who are primarily dependent on them.
HRLN has been working on environmental justice through litigation, consultations, and campaigns to make environmental protection more sensitive to human well-being, for the effective enforcement of environmental rights, and to provide legal support to affected communities. HRLN also aims to equip communities to take part in environmental decision-making for effective enforcement of environmental rights. One of the platforms used by the organisation to highlight various environment and related human rights violations is the Independent People’s Tribunal. The IPT was formed in 1993 to conduct fair and credible investigation on matters concerning environmental and human rights violations and also to provide communities, and people’s movements a platform to seek redressal and policy change.
· Ensuring effective implementation of environmental laws
· Rights of marginalised and vulnerable communities to access their land, natural resources, and livelihood options
· Violation of basic rights such as access to clean air, water, soil, food, health
· Community’s access to justice and people’s tribunals
· Research and analysis on changing environmental governance
Some of the landmark judgements include:
· The Supreme Court, in a landmark judgement (CA 8438/2016), directed the West Bengal state government to return 997 acres of land to the community in 12 weeks after declaring the 2006 land acquisition for Tata Motors as illegal and void. The apex court also allowed landowners to withdraw compensation which was deposited with either the collector or the court.
· In another landmark judgement (37/2103 WZ), the National Green Tribunal recognised that despite the presence of six Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) in the industrial area of Dombivili, Badlapur, Ambarnath, Additional Ambarnath and Morivali in Maharashtra, the rivers Ulhas and Waldhuni were severely polluted. The NGT directed the Dombivili CEPT (Rs 30 crores), Ambarnath CEPT (Rs 15 crores), Ulhasnagar Municipal Corporation (Rs 15 crores), and Kulgaon-Badalpur and Ambarnath Municipal Corporation (Rs 5 crores each) to pay a total of Rs 90 crores to the Divisional Commissioner (Kokan Revenue Division) for restitution and restoration of the rivers.
· In the matter of Jalbiradari Vs MoEF (7/2015 WZ), the NGT directed the project proponent (MMRDA) to pay Rs 25 lakhs as Environmental Compensation for causing environmental degradation due to blasting and building of wall on the banks of River Mithi in Mumbai in direct violation to relevant laws. It also directed the SEIAA to consider and direct the demolition of any part of the project in the interest of environment and ecology.
As a part of the Students for Human Rights Initiative and the Oak Project the Human Rights Law Network Mumbai collaborat ...read more
HRLN Odisha's Unit fights to provide environmental justice for residents of various villages of Jagatsinghpur District, Odisha
Sushama Malik & Ors. v. Industrial Development Corporation, Orissa & Ors (Writ Petition 4998 of 2020)
Edited by Shivani Chaudhry The North America/South Asia Conversation on Environmental Justice was held from 2—5 Decem ...read more
Indian People’s Tribunal Report on the Alleged Environmental Pollution and Health Impacts Caused by the Hindustan Lever Mercury Thermometer Factory at Kodaikanal - Indian People’s Tribunal on Environment and Human Rights (IPT)
The IPT report recommends that an independent assessment be made of the spread of mercury in Kodaikanal area. ...read more
Narmada : Inquiry into Displacement, Resettlement and Rehabilitation of People Affected by the Sardar Sarovar Project; 2004 - Indian People’s Tribunal on Environment and Human Rights (IPT)
The Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP), a multi-purpose dam project built in the Narmada River Valley, has been challenged on ...read more
Kashipur: An Enquiry into Mining and Human Rights Violations in Kashipur, Orissa - Report of the Indian People's Tribunal on Environment and Human Rights
Written and Edited By Shravantl Reddy An eight-member multidisciplinary panel of the Indian People‘s Tribunal headed ...read more
Independent People’s Tribunal on Dams in Arunachal Pradesh : February 3, 2008, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India
Report compilation by Vipin M. Benjamin, Sunil Mow, Julity Mihu, Enam Pralo and Edited by Suresh Nautiyal Arunachal P ...read more
Edited by Dr. Doma T. Bhutia Rivers are an integral part of the Sikkimese ethos. Much of the folklore and traditions of ...read more
Edited by Dipika Jain, Odumeru Jonathan The little book demystifies the issues related to the patents and talks about ...read more
Letter to the Governor and summary of the Indian people's tribunal on the issues of tribal land and alienation under LTR in Telangana
To His Excellency Governor The State of Telangana Hyderabad Dear Hon’ble Your Excellency, Sub: Report of Indian ...read more
Non-implementation of Forest Rights Act in Kerala: HRLN organises IPT to address problems faced by adivasi forest dwellers
The Independent People Tribunal (IPT) on the “Issues and Injustice in the Implementation of Forest Right Act (FRA), 20 ...read more
Floods are an annual recurrent event in Assam, causing damage worth crores and affecting thousands of lives. All rivers ...read more
In a landmark order, the Supreme Court has asked the Maharashtra chief secretary to pay Rs 100 crore -- possibly the hig ...read more