Fact Finding Report - Situation Analysis of Rohingyas in Mewat, Haryana
In Mewat district of Haryana, around 678 Rohingyas, tortured and persecuted by ethnic clash in Burma, reside in a makeshift camps. The dwellers are earlier residents of Rakhine state in Burma who have either gone through a horrific experience or have escaped death in the unrest, having sordid tales to share about their past. The Rohingya people have long been the victims of government persecution in Burma and a minority group who are not considered full citizens by the Burmese Government. They are systematically and officially robbed and denied of their basic civil, political, social and cultural rights. Ethnic violence in Burma forced mass exodus of Rohingyas to neighbouring countries including India.
Having managed to cross border into India through Bangladesh, the Rohingyas find peace and freedom from persecution in the country of asylum but continue to experience incessant misery and uncertain future, living without adequate standard of living including food, clothing, housing or medical care and other necessary civic amenities.
The Team from Socio-Legal Information centre (hereafter the Team) visited the Rohingya dwellers’ make-shift camps in Mewat between 18 to 20 October 2013. The settlements of Rewasan, Chandeni, Salehdi, Shahpur Nangli, Jogipur and Fatakpur were visited. These camps are situated in the vicinity of Nuh which is about 110 km from Delhi except for Fataakpur which is 40 km from Nuh.
The objective of the finding was to gather general information on Rohingya community in Mewat related to their demographic profile, period of stay in settlement, reasons to reside in the specific settlement and to identify their accessibility level to shelter, health care and sanitation, education and livelihood. It was also to tap the dwellers coping level and access to public services and self-reliance available in the area. Most of the camps are temporary settlement provided by the local villagers with permission from the village authority like Sarpanch, Pradhan or individual landowners.