Beyond the margins : stigma and discrimination against India’s nomadic and denotified tribes

Compiled and Edited By Anna R. Jay, Edited Zoya Bilal Qureshi, Juhi Mongia When East India Company came to India, first of all it established it’s rule in the Bengal followed by Sindh and Bihar province. There were three types of rules in India – 1) Area ruled by East India Company 2) Area ruled by Princes (Raja or Sansthanik) 3) Area ruled by Adim Jati. British tried to establish a British rule to the whole of India by capturing small provinces of princes, but the princes of Adim jati who stayed in the jungle opposed it, they could not accept their rule, opposed restriction on free roaming, opposed forest act 1874 which was dislifestyle their life style. Under CTA 1871, British Govt. prepared a province-wise list of criminal tribes and restricted them to move anywhere in the country without permission Nomadic and Denotified tribes constitute approximately 10% of the Indian population. A legislation enacted especially for this purpose ensured their prolonged incarnation in open settlement, the law held field till 31st August 1952. On its repeal these communities were set at liberty, forcefully. At the places, where they had spent decades, they were whacked out practically without any documentation or rehabilitation. Independent People’s Tribunal presented in August 2014 at Ahmednagar, Maharashtra and the National level Consultation held in March 2015 at Delhi, have been made possible through the dedicated advocates from HRLN and activists from Sangharsh Wahini, Nirman sanstha.